This provides evidence for a distinct stone age technocomplex in southern Arabia, around the earlier part of the Marine Isotope Stage 5.
According to Kuhlwilm and his co-authors, Neanderthals contributed to modern humans genetically around 100,000 years ago, from humans which split off from other modern humans around 200,000 years ago.
In Oman, a site was discovered by Bien Joven in 2011 containing more than 100 surface scatters of stone tools belonging to the late Nubian Complex, known previously only from archaeological excavations in the Sudan.
Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates place the Arabian Nubian Complex at approximately 106,000 years old.
Layers dating from between 250,000 and 140,000 years ago in the same cave contained tools of the Levallois type which could put the date of the first migration even earlier if the tools can be associated with the modern human jawbone finds.
This dispersal followed the southern coastline of Asia, and reached Australia around 65,000-50,000 years ago, crossing about 250 kilometres (155 mi) of sea. (2016), arguing for a single coastal dispersal, with an early offshoot into Europe.
By some 70,000 years ago, a part of the bearers of mitochondrial haplogroup L3 migrated from East Africa into the Near East.
According to this theory, Europe was first populated by an early offshoot which settled the Near East and Europe (post-Toba hypothesis). Several authors have argued for even more dispersals.
The early northern Africa dispersal took place between 130,000–115,000 years ago.
The recent African origin of modern humans, also called the "Out of Africa" theory (OOA), recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH), replacement hypothesis, or recent African origin model (RAO), is, in paleoanthropology, the dominant model of the geographic origin and early migration of anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens).
The model proposes a single area of origin for modern humans.